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Undeclared swimming pools tracked from the sky: soon a device in the Channel?

The visualization application allows agents to verify the detections made by artificial intelligence algorithms before sending a regularization request letter to owners.
The visualization application allows agents to verify the detections made by artificial intelligence algorithms before sending a regularization request letter to owners. (©DGFiP)

To avoid the fraudsthe government had launched end of 2021 an experiment called Innovative land ” which allows identify undeclared swimming pools and buildings thanks to artificial intelligence. At the end of the monthAugust 2022and on only nine departmentsthe experiment has already made it possible to raise 10 million euros.

Views of IGN and artificial intelligence

Is the device now in use in the Channel ? We put the question to the DDFiP (Departmental Directorate of Public Finances). “The device has been tested in nine departments”, explained this Tuesday, January 10, 2023 Vedrana Pajevic, chief of staff of the DDFiP de la Manche.

But, for the moment, it cannot advance any delay as to the effective implementation in our department. “We are just starting generalization phase » to the rest of the french territory. ” Those are works which are long. It’s a big technical job “, explained the chief of staff.

Tax justice

The “Innovative Land” project is based on the innovative artificial intelligence technologies and enhancement of data from aerial shots of the National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information (IGN).

It “aims, by optimizing the process of detecting undeclared constructions or developments, to enable more effective combating of declarative anomalies and thus better responding to the desires for fairness and citizen tax justice, through the fair taxation of goods. It will also offer the possibility of facilitating the representation on the cadastral map of buildings and swimming pools, from aerial shots,” explains the national finance administration, the DGFiP.

24 million euros

The overall cost of the “Innovative Land” project is 24 million euros over the years 2021 to 2023. But “in view of the results obtained in nine departments on the sole use case of swimming pool detection, the gains in terms of direct local taxes should reach nearly 40 million euros in 2023”.

“In concrete terms, the algorithms make it possible to extract public aerial images from the IGN, which can be consulted by everyone on the website www.geoportail.gouv.fr, the contours of buildings and swimming pools. A computer processing then verifies, based in particular on the declarations of the owners made to the town planning and tax administration servicesif the elements thus detected on the images are correctly imposed on local direct taxes (property tax notably). A tax administration agent then systematically checks each anomaly detected before any follow-up operation of the owner of the property and ultimately taxation”, explains the DGFiP.

Already 10 million in nine departments

In fact, the experiment took place in six departments of the South East (Alpes-Maritimes, Var, Bouches-du-Rhône, Ardèche, Rhône, Haute-Savoie) and three of the‘West (Morbihan, Maine-et-Loire and Vendée), “focusing first on the detection of swimming pools”, specifies the DGFiP.

Videos: currently on Actu

The results of the experiment, at the end of August, mention “more than 20,000 swimming pools” which “have been confirmed and will be newly imposed under the property tax (TF) for the year 2022”. “Over 94% of owners have confirmed the taxability of their pool. This represents nearly 10 million euros of additional revenue for municipalities concerned for the year 2022 alone.” The operation will be extended to undeclared or incorrectly taxed buildings and to all departments.

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