According to Reuters, the probe will take four to five days to orbit the moon. A few weeks later, at the beginning of June, the lander of the Chang’e 6 mission should land on the lunar surface in the Apollo crater, which is located in the South Pole-Aitken region, which, with its diameter of 2,250 kilometers and a depth of 12 kilometers, belongs to the largest impact basins ( basin formed by the impact of another body) in the solar system. The region lies on the side of the Moon that is permanently turned away from Earth.

The Chang’e 6 mission will collect about two kilograms of samples from the Moon. In 2020 probe Chang-e 5 delivered to Earth from the far side of the Moon 1.731 kilograms of rocks. According to Chinese scientists, the analysis of the new samples should provide more detailed information about the history of the Moon, Earth and the Solar System. It can also show the difference between the composition of rocks on the less-explored far side of the Moon and the better-known far side. The mission will last 53 days.

Although the Moon has its own atmosphere, it is composed mainly of hydrogen, neon and argon.  It's not the kind of gaseous mixture that can keep mammals dependent on breathing oxygen like humans alive.

A Chinese rover found a mysterious cube on the far side of the moon

The link between the probe and the control center on Earth will be provided by the Zhuqiao 2 satellite, which China launched into orbit around the moon in March. The name Zhugejiao, or Magpie Bridge, refers to a story from Chinese folklore in which once a year a flock of magpies creates a bridge across the Milky Way to allow two separated lovers to meet.

Space firsts

China successfully expanded its space program to include the lunar section in October 2007, when it launched its first probe, Chang-e 1, to the moon. Six years later, on December 14, 2013, China became the third country, after the USA and Russia, to send its machine to the moon. China’s Chang’e 3 module with the Jade Rabbit lunar robotic vehicle landed softly on the lunar surface. It was also the first soft landing on the moon since 1976, when the Soviet probe Luna 24 arrived there.

China claimed another space first on January 3, 2019, when its Chang’e 4 probe successfully landed on the far side of the moon for the first time in the history of spaceflight. The probe landed near the moon’s south pole in the Von Kármán crater.

According to Chinese scientists, there is water on the moon in glass spheres that were formed due to asteroid impacts.

China has discovered billions of tons of water on the moon, hiding in glass balls

Lin Xiqiang, the head of China’s Manned Space Agency, said last week that China is on track with its goal of putting Chinese astronauts on the moon by 2030. According to Lin, key components of the mission are already being developed and tested, such as the Long March 10 rocket, the Mengzhou spaceship, and spacesuits for use on the surface of the moon.

At the same time, according to Lin, the Chinese space agency is working on the selection of a crew for a manned lunar mission and a lunar rover. With the support of Russia and other countries, China plans to build an International Lunar Research Station on the moon, thus ensuring the permanent presence of humans in the Earth’s natural orbit.